The famous educator Janusz Korczak ran two orphanages in Warsaw, one for Jewish, one for non-Jewish children. After the Germans had established the Warsaw Ghetto, Korczak also had to move there with the children from the Jewish orphanage. In the course of the so-called “Operation Reinhardt” – the systematic murder of all Jews in the then “Generalgouvernement” (the territories of German-occupied Poland and Ukraine) in 1942 and 1943 – Janusz Korczak and his charges were also killed in the gas chamber in the Treblinka extermination camp. He could have saved himself, but he wanted to stand by the children and accompanied them to their death.
The artist Marlies Glaser, in cooperation with the Alleshausen and Attenweiler primary schools and the Biberach public library, carried out an art project in memory of the 200 murdered children. The project resulted in numerous paintings by the participating children, which are open to the public in an exhibition including accompanying events. The paintings are in the possession of the EJKA. The exhibition “In Memory of Janusz Korczak and His Orphans: A Face, a Name, a Wagon, a Cloud” shows pictures painted by children as part of an art project. The pictures show children’s faces against the background of railway wagons pre-printed on linoleum plates. Above them towers a gravestone with the inscription “In memory of Janusz Korczak and his 200 Jewish orphanage children, deported from the Warsaw Ghetto in 1942 and murdered in Treblinka”. The children approached the theme through seven symbols: children’s faces, wagons, gravestones, names, black clouds, trees and tears, which are reflected in the pictures.